PTE Academic 阅读题型之Multiple-choice,choose single answer(单选)

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PTE考试阅读单选题的阅读文本长度在300字以内,配1道单选题,一般有4个选项,1个正确答案。在阅读文本的时候,要区分段落大意,即主要观点(main points)和段落细节,即支持性信息(supporting information),并且理解作者的意图和态度。
例如
PTE Academic 阅读题型之Multiple-choice,choose single answer(单选)
By writing this article, the writer wants to show that
 students generally show less motivation than they should
 ways of increasing student motivation have been used well
 the effects of student motivation can be seen in positive results
 some students use their motivation in ways that waste time
By writing this article, the writer wants to show that这个题目是一个推论性质的主旨题,通过读文章我们可以清楚找到文章的main points:一个是Almost all students are motivated in one way(classroom subjects) or another(social side of school);另一个是:Motivation is important in education because it has several effects on students' learning and behaviour.剩下的信息都是细节的supporting information。
抓住文章的main points之后我们围绕这两个主要观点理解选项:选项1的比较根本在文章没有提到;选项2讲提升学生motivation的方法,也就是说怎样提升学生的motivation,这在文章也没有;选项3讲了effects符合第二个main point,那么我们就看第二个main point的支持信息来确定是否是positive results; 这在文章的后边讲了:encourage…/increase…/produces improved performance…,都是positive results;选项4的浪费时间在文章也没有讲到。
所以正确答案是选项3。
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